Main Article Content

Abstract

In language teaching and learning, the correct use of vocabulary in the target language is as important as the language's grammar. This study investigates lexical semantic errors in the academic writing of 4th-year undergraduate students at the National University of Lesotho. Using the random sampling method, ten Action Research reports were selected. Errors were identified and analyzed using Hemchua and Schmitt's (2006) classification. Findings in the study indicate that errors resulting from the confusion of sense relations were most frequent, followed by errors in collocation and translation errors. The study recommends that teaching communication skills courses offered at the year 1 level should include explicit vocabulary teaching to minimize semantic errors, which, as is argued, result in incomprehensible texts.

Keywords

Error Analysis Lexical Semantic Errors Text Comprehension

Article Details

How to Cite
Letsoela, P. M., & Matlosa, L. (2022). Lexical Semantic Errors in Undergraduate Students’ Academic Writing. FOSTER: Journal of English Language Teaching, 3(3), 172-184. https://doi.org/10.24256/foster-jelt.v3i3.101

References

  1. Afrin, S. (2016). Writing Problems of Non-English Major Undergraduate Students in Bangladesh: An Observation. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 4, 104-115.
  2. Ander, S., & Yildirim, Ö. (2010). Lexical Errors in Elementary Level EFLLearners' Compositions. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (pp. 5299–5303). Elsevier.
  3. Corder, S.P. (1967). The Significance of Learner's Errors. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 5(4), 161-170.
  4. Ekanjume-Ilongo,B and Morato-Maleke, M. (2020). Error Analysis in the Essays of Second Year Students of the National University of Lesotho. Journal of African Languages and Literary Studies, 1(1), 71-91.
  5. Hemchua, S., and Schmitt, N. (2006). An Analysis of Lexical Errors in the English Compositions of Thai Learners. Prospect, 21(3), 2–24.
  6. Hurford, J. R. and Heasley, B. (1983). Semantics: A Coursebook. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  7. James, C. (1998). Errors in language learning and use: Exploring Error Analysis. London: Longman.
  8. Jassim, L.L. (2016). An Analysis of Semantic Errors in Iraqi EFLLearners'Writings. Journal of Thi-Qar University,11(4),162-184.
  9. Khalil, A.M. (1985). Communicative Error Evaluation: NativeSpeakers' Evaluation and Interpretation of Written Errors of Arab EFL Learners. TESOL QUARTERLY,19,335-351.
  10. Letsoela, P.M. (2014). Inappropriate Use of Transitions by National University of Lesotho Students. International Journal of English Language Education,2(1), 100-112.
  11. Letsoela, P.M. & Ntsane, M. (2015). Analysis of Spelling Errors Among National University of Lesotho Undergraduate Students. Annals of Modern Education, 7(1), 1-9.
  12. Muchemwa, S. (2015). Learning English for an Academic Purpose: The Errors of an English Learner. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 20 ( 9), 52-58. DOI: 10.9790/0837-20925258
  13. Mutlu, G. (2016). An Analysis of Lexical Errors of Turkish University Students Learning
  14. English. In Başaran, B. Ç., Cengiz, B.H., Gümüşok, F. and Şafak, D.F. (Eds). 9th
  15. International METU Postgraduate Conference on Linguistics and Language Teaching. Ankara: Gazi Kitabevi.189-208.
  16. Owu-Ewie, C. and Williams, R. (2017). Grammatical and Lexical Errors in Students' English Composition Writing: The Case of Three Senior High School (SHS) in the Central Region of Ghana. Sino-US English Teaching,14 ( 8), 463-482. doi:10.17265/1539-8072/2017.08.001
  17. Palmer, F.R. (1981). Semantics (2nd Ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  18. Saud, W.I. (2018). Lexical Errors of Third Year Undergraduate Students. English Language Teaching,11(11),161-168.
  19. Shalaby, N.A, Yahya, N. and El-Komi, M. (2009). Analysis of Lexical Errors in Saudi
  20. College Students' Compositions. Ayn, Journal of the Saudi Association of Language and Translation, 2(3), 65-93. University of Amsterdam
  21. Verhallen, M. and Schoonen, R. (1993). Lexical Knowledge of Monolingual and Bilingual Children. Applied Linguistics, 14(4), 344-363.